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HAWAII

RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE

SERVICE OF PROCESS

HAWAII RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE

HAWAII RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE

  1. Summons: Issuance
  2. Same: Form
  3. Same: By whom served
  4. Same: Personal service
  5. Same: Other Service
  6. Territorial limits of effective service
  7. Return
  8. Amendment

RULES 4

a) Summons: Issuance. Upon the filing of the complaint the clerk shall forthwith issue a summons. Plaintiff shall deliver the complaint and summons for service to a person authorized to serve process. Upon request of the plaintiff separate or additional summons shall issue against any defendants.
(b) Same: Form. The summons shall
(1) be signed by the clerk, under the seal of the court,
(2) contain the name of the court, the names of the parties, and the date when issued,
(3) be directed to the defendant,
(4) state the name and address of the plaintiff’s attorney, if any, otherwise the plaintiff’s address,
(5) state the time within which these rules require the defendant to appear and defend, and shall notify the defendant that in case of defendant’s failure to do so judgment by default will be rendered against the defendant for the relief demanded in the complaint,
(6) contain a prohibition against personal delivery of the summons between 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. on premises not open to the public, unless a judge of the district or circuit courts permits, in writing on the summons, personal delivery during those hours, and
(7) contain a warning to the person summoned that failure to obey the summons may result in an entry of default and default judgment.

When, under Rule 4(e), service is made pursuant to a statute or rule of court, the summons, or notice, or order in lieu of summons, shall correspond as nearly as may be to that required by the statute or rule.

(c) Same: By whom served. Service of all process shall be made:
(1) anywhere in the State by the sheriff or the sheriff’s deputy, by some other person specially appointed by the court for that purpose, or by any person who is not a party and is not less than 18 years of age; or
(2) in any county by the chief of police or the chief’s duly authorized subordinate. A subpoena, however, may be served as provided in Rule 45.
(d) Same: Personal service. The summons and complaint shall be served together. The plaintiff shall furnish the person making service with such copies as are necessary. Service shall be made as follows:
(1) Upon an individual other than an infant or an incompetent person, (A) by delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint to the individual personally or in case the individual cannot be found by leaving copies thereof at the individual’s dwelling house or usual place of abode with some person of suitable age and discretion then residing therein or (B) by delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint to an agent authorized by appointment or by law to receive service of process.
(2) Upon an infant, by delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint personally (A) to the guardian of the infant’s property or if there is no guardian of the infant’s property or service cannot be made upon such guardian then as provided by order of the court and (B) if the infant be of the age of 16 years or over, also to the infant; and upon an incompetent person, by delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint personally (A) to the guardian of the incompetent’s property, or if the incompetent is living in an institution then to the director or chief executive officer of the institution, or if service cannot be made upon either of them, then as provided by order of the court, and (B) unless the court otherwise orders, also to the incompetent person.
(3) Upon a domestic or foreign corporation or upon a partnership or other unincorporated association which is subject to suit under a common name, by delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint to an officer, a managing or general agent, or to any other agent authorized by appointment or by law to receive service of process and, if the agent is one authorized by statute to receive service and the statute so requires, by also mailing a copy to the defendant.
(4) Upon the State by delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint to the attorney general of the State or to the assistant attorney general or to any deputy attorney general who has been appointed by the attorney general.
(5) Upon an officer or agency of the State by serving the State and by delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint to such officer or agency. If the agency is a corporation, the copies shall be delivered as provided in paragraph (3) of this subdivision of this rule.
(6) Upon a county, as provided by statute or the county charter, or by delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint to the corporation counsel or county attorney or any of his or her deputies.
(7) Upon an officer or agency of a county, by serving the county and by delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint to such officer or agency. If the agency is a corporation the copies shall be delivered as provided in paragraph (3) of this subdivision of this rule.
(8) Upon a defendant of any class referred to in paragraph (1) or (3) of this subdivision of this rule, it is also sufficient if the summons and complaint are served in the manner prescribed by any statute.
(e) Same: Other service. Whenever a statute or an order of court provides for service upon a party not an inhabitant of or found within the State, of a summons, or of a notice, or of an order in lieu of summons, service shall be made under the circumstances and in the manner prescribed by the statute or order. Whenever a statute or an order of court requires or permits service by publication of a summons, or of a notice, or of an order in lieu of summons, any publication pursuant thereto shall be made under the circumstances and in the manner prescribed by the statute or order. The publication of summons pursuant to Hawai’i Revised Statutes §§ 634-23634-26, and 634-36, shall not include the case caption and shall be in a form that substantially complies with Form 1-A of the Appendix of Forms.
(f) Territorial limits of effective service. All process may be served anywhere within the State and, when a statute or order so provides, beyond the limits of the State.
(g) Return. The person serving the process shall make proof of service thereof to the court promptly and in any event within the time during which the person served must respond to process. When service is made by any person specially appointed by the court, that person shall make affidavit of such service.
(h) Amendment. At any time in its discretion and upon such terms as it deems just, the court may allow any process or proof of service thereof to be amended unless it clearly appears that material prejudice would result to the substantial rights of the party against whom the process issued.

Haw. R. Civ. P. 4

Amended May 15, 1972, effective July 1, 1972; further amended September 14, 1993, effective September 14, 1993; further amended May 12, 1995, effective June 1, 1995; further amended December 7, 1999, effective January 1, 2000; further amended April 25, 2003, effective July 1, 2003; further amended August 26, 2011, effective January 1, 2012.